Jan 11

CSR Hebel Introduction

CSR Panel Systems is a division of CSR Building Products Limited, one of Australia’s leading building products companies.

CSR Panel Systems manufactures Hebel® Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC). The AAC in Hebel® products is manufactured from sand, lime and cement to which a gas-forming agent
is added. The liberated gas expands the mixture, forming extremely small, finely dispersed air pockets, resulting in lightweight aerated concrete.

CSR Panel Systems has manufactured Hebel® products that have won wide acceptance as innovative and environmentally preferable building materials. This is due to their lightweight nature, excellent thermal, fire and acoustic properties and design versatility. These inherent properties of Hebel® products help achieve quick and cost efficient construction practices
as well as providing for comfortable operating environments inside the buildings all year round.

Build a premium home with Hebel PowerBlock.

Hebel® PowerBlocks are large AAC Blocks with a standard face dimension of 600mmx200mm, laid in much the same way as bricks but using Hebel® Adhesive to form
a monolithic structure. Typically, external walls use a single skin of 250mm thick blocks while internal, non-loadbearing walls use 100mm thick blocks. Hebel’s tight manufacturing tolerances deliver beautifully flat, true surfaces that are easily rendered and painted.

Walls built with Hebel® PowerBlock are strong and durable, providing the security of solid masonry coupled with exceptional thermal and acoustic insulation properties. With over three
times the thermal resistance of double brick, Hebel® PowerBlocks exceed the Building Code of Australia (BCA) for energy efficiency regulations for zones 1,2, 3 and 5 without the need for additional bulk insulation.

Hebel® PowerBlocks are non combustible and can achieve an Fire Resistance Level (FRL) of up to 240/240/240.

For detached houses, this is well above the requirements for building right up to the boundary line and making Hebel® an ideal choice for bushfire prone areas.

Compared to traditional double brick construction, Hebel® PowerBlock™ walls can be laid much faster, saving building time and costs. Building with Hebel Blocks may create more internal floor area for the same building dimensions. Hebel® Lintels can be used over windows, doors and garage door openings. Hebel® also supplies sill blocks for under windows to complement the overall look of your home.

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Jan 11

CSR Hebel Design Approach

There are 2 methods of construction – typical and tie-down. Typical is the most common method of building whilst the tie-down method is required for cyclonic or high wind areas (as determined by an engineer). This guide provides information for both building methods.

Important Note

It is the responsibility of the architectural designer and engineering parties to ensure that the information in the Hebel PowerBlocks Design and Installation Guide is appropriate for the intended application. The recommendations of this guide are formulated along the lines of good building practice, but are not intended to be an exhaustive statement of all relevant data. Hebel  accepts no responsibility for or in connection with the quality of the recommendations or their suitability for any purpose when installed.

Scope

The Hebel® PowerBlocks Design and Installation Guide has been created to provide information for detached residential buildings. The design information in this guide has been condensed from the Hebel® Technical Manual and AS3700 Masonry structures. The design basis is AS3700 Masonry structures, Section 12 Simplified design of masonry for small buildings. The footing and slab design is based on AS2870 Residential slabs and footings – Construction.

Refer to Table 6.1 for Building Geometry Limitations.

Design Parameters

The structural design information in this guide is based on the data and assumptions in Table 6.2, 6.3 and 6.4.

Design Sequence

Fig. 6.1 details Hebel® recommendations for how to design a Hebel® PowerBlock home.

Design Flow Chart

Determine the soil classification, terrain category and wind region/loads

Footing type (slab or strip footing)

PowerBlock™ design based on BCA requirements, loadings, wall heights
and lengths (external & internal)

Design the bracing and tie down methods

Determine any additional BCA requirements (thermal, fire and sound ratings)

Complete project documentation (drawings & specification)

Table 6.1: Buiding Geometry Limitations

2 storeys max
Max. height to underside of eaves 6.0m
Max. height to top of roof ridge 8.5m
Max. building width incl. verandah but not eaves 16.0m
Max. building length 5x width
Max. lower storey wall height 3.0m
Max. upper storey wall heigh 2.7m
Max. floor load width on external wall 3.0m (6.0m single span floor)
Max. roof load width on external wall 3.0m (6.0m rafter/truss span)
Max. floor load width on internal wall 6.0m

 

Where the building geometry is outside the above limitations, the designer must refer to the Hebel® Technical Manual and AS3700 Sections 1-11.

Table 6.2: Design Parameters.

Hebel® PowerBlock™ material properties
Nominal Dry Density 470 kg/m2
Working Density (S.T.) 611 kg/m2
Working Density (L.T.) 500 kg/m2
Characteristic Compressive Strength, f’m 2.25 MPa
Characteristic Flexural Tensile Strength, f’mt 0.20 MPa
Characteristic Shear Strength, f’ms 0.30 MPa
Characteristic Modulus of Elasticity, EST 1125 MPa
Characteristic Modulus of Elasticity, ELT 562 MPa

 

Table 6.3 Design Parameters – Permanent and Imposed Actions

Permanent Actions (Dead Loads):
Floor – Superimposed 1.00 kPa
Roof – Tile 0.90 kPa
Roof – Sheet 0.40 kPa
Framed Floor/Deck – Timber 0.50 kPa
Framed Deck – Tile 0.50 kPa
Pergola Roof – Tile 0.80 kPa
Pergola Roof – Sheet 0.32 kPa
Hebel® PowerFloor System 0.80 kPa
Hebel® Floor Panel System – 250mm 1.90 kPa
Hebel® PowerBlock Wall – 250mm, 2700mm (H 4.60 kN/m
Hebel® PowerBlock Wall – 150mm, 2700mm (H) 2.76 kN/m
Imposed Actions (Live Loads):
In accordance with AS 1170. 1:2002
Floor – general 1.50 kPa
Deck 2.00 kPa

Table 6.4  Design Parameters – Wind Actions (General wall areas)

Wind Classification(AS4055) Wind Pressure (kPa)
Serviceability, Ws Ultimate, Wu
N1 0.41 0.69
N2 0.41 0.96
N3 0.61 1.50
N4 0.91 2.23
N5 1.33 3.29
N6 1.82 4.44
C1 0.61 2.03
C2 0.91 3.01
C3 1.33 4.44
C4 1.82 5.99

Hebel PowerBlock home

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Jan 09

CSR Hebel PowerBlock Handling

Manual Handling

To minimise the possibility of manual handling injuries, Hebel suggests the following:

  • Use mechanical aids, such as trolleys, forklifts, cranes and levers, or team lifting to move Hebel.
  • Keep the work place clean to reduce the risk of slips, trips and falls, which can cause injury.
  • Plan the sequence of installation to minimise panel movements and avoid awkward lifts.
  • Good lifting techniques to be adopted to minimise the risk of injury.

Mechanically Assisted Handling

Moving and handling Hebel Floor panels and Hebel Lintels should be done using mechanical aids such us forklifts, cranes and special panel lifting trolleys. Different panel lift attachments are available for installing panels. For purchasing or hire of these devices please contact CSR Panel Systems.

Health, Safety & Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Hebel AAC products are cement-based, which may irritate the skin, resulting in itching and occasionally a red rash. The wearing of gloves and suitable clothing to reduce abrasion and irritation of the skin is recommended when handling Hebel AAC products.

Approved respirators (AS/NZS1715 and AS/NZ1716) and eye protection (AS1336) should be worn at all times when cutting and chasing. Refer to the Hebel Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).

For further information contact CSR Panel Systems or visit the website: hebelaustraliacom.au.

Cutting

The use of power tools when cutting masonry products may cause dust, which contains respirable crystalline silica, with the potential to cause bronchitis, silicious and lung cancer after repeated and prolonged exposure. When using power or hand tools, on Hebel products, wear a P1 or P2 respirator and eye protection. When cutting, routing or chasing Hebel products with power tools, use dust extraction equipment and wear appropriate hearing protection. Refer to the appropriate Hebel MSDS.

For further information, contact CSR Panel Systems or visit the website: hebelaustralia.com.au
Reinforcement exposed during cutting is to be coated with a liberal application of Hebel corrosion protection paint.

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Jan 09

CSR Hebel Delivery and Storage

PowerBlock  Delivery

PowerBlock pallets should be unloaded and moved with only approved lifting devices. Before use, the lifting devices should be checked for the required lifting tags. PowerBlock pallets should be unloaded and stored as close to the intended installation area as possible. This will increase work efficiency and minimise the need for secondary lifting.

It is good practice to inspect the delivery for damaged blocks. Unnecessary handling will increase the risk of damage to the Hebel® PowerBlocks.

Care should be taken when cutting the packaging straps, blocks may come away and cause injury or become damaged.

TIP – When a block is damaged it may be possible to cut away the damaged section and use the remaining portion in the wall.

Storage

All materials must be kept dry and preferably stored undercover. Hebel® PowerBlocks should be left on their pallet until they are required. Place the pallet on a level and stable surface. The project engineer should be consulted as to the adequacy of the structure to support Hebel® PowerBlocks if they are not stored directly on the ground or concrete slab.

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Jan 05

Hebel Design & Installation Guide Appendix A – Carpet Installation

Panel Surface Preparation

Sweep the floor surface to remove debris and loose particles. Expose all surface blemishes such as chips, cracks, gaps, ridges or the like. Fill all unacceptable locations with an appropriate and compatible patching compound such as Hebel® Patch or levelling compound as required.
Ensure panels are then dry.

Carpet Smooth Edge Installation

Installation of Carpet Smooth Edge (Gripper) is to be in accordance with AS/NZS 2455.1:1995.
Installation of carpet gripper prior to laying carpet requires the use of specifically selected nails or course threaded screws. Standard fixings supplied with the carpet gripper are not suitable for fixing to Hebel® PowerFloor™ panels. Carpet gripper strips are available without factory supplied nails. For carpet gripper installation near the panel edge, only glue is recommended. If relying on glue only, the carpet can not be stretched until the glue is set after approximately 24 hours.

Table A.1 – Carpet Smooth Edge Fixings.

Fixing Type Description Application
Method
Installation Notes
Twist Nails 51mm dome
head twist nail
Coil Nail Gun
(Refer to Fig A.1)
The head of the twist nail
should finish flush with
the surface of the gripper
strip
Screws Type 17 point
– course thread
No. 8g x 50mm
– Countersinking
screw
Makita 6834
Auto Feed
Screwdriver
(Refer to Fig A.2)
The head of the twist nail
should finish flush with
the surface of the carpet
gripper strip
Screws Type 17 pointTrimhead deck
Screw.
4.2 x 50mm
4.2 x 65mm
Quickdrive auto feed The head of the screw
should be flush with the
smooth edge

Fig A.1

Fig A.2

Underlay Installation

Minimum medium duty underlay is to be used. No other special requirements.

Carpet Installation

As per carpet manufacturer’s guidelines.
No other special requirements.

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